John R. Hipp

Professor of Criminology, Law & Society, Plannng, Policy, & Design and Sociology
Ph.D., University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
(949) 824-8247
3311 SEII



community context of crime, household decisions and neighborhood change, research methods

Curriculum Vitae: 


John R. Hipp is an Associate Professor in the department of Criminology, Law and Society at the University of California Irvine. His research interests focus on how neighborhoods change over time, how that change both affects and is affected by neighborhood crime, and the role networks and institutions play in that change. He approaches these questions using quantitative methods as well as social network analysis.  He currently co-directs the Irvine Lab for the Study of Space and Crime (ILSSC) with Charis Kubrin.

Professor Hipp's substantive research agenda focuses on the agents of change within neighborhoods and communities. This work has both spatial and temporal components.  The spatial component views processes that affect crime at various scales from the micro units of street blocks up to larger metropolitan areas.  He uses cutting edge spatial techniques to address these issues.  The temporal component views both short-term (over hours) and long-term (over years) change in these spatial locations, and the consequences for these areas.  His work also has a multi-level component, as he studies how the decisions of households within these spatial areas have consequences for how the ecology changes.  His work has focused on how the networks of relations within a neighborhood can impact these civic involvement and residential mobility decisions.  One of his projects studies the spatial distribution of residents' social networks, an NSF funded project with Carter Butts (see the Center for Networks & Relational Analysis).

Professor Hipp is Director of the Metropolitan Futures Initiative (MFI), which is an interdisciplinary project that has a commitment to build communities that are economically vibrant, environmentally sustainable, and socially just by partnering Social Ecology’s world class, boundary-crossing scholarship with expertise throughout Southern California.  The inaugural Regional Progress Report (2012), released on June 14, 2012, studies the region in depth over the last 50 years. 

Professor Hipp's Webpage

Recent report on inequality in Orange County

The entire southern California region is studied in the Metropolitan Futures Initiative (MFI) Regional Progress Report (2012)

Selected Publications


  • Wickes, Rebecca, John R. Hipp, Renee Zahnow, and Lorraine Mazerolle. (2013). “’Seeing’

Minorities and Perceptions of Disorder: Explicating the Mediating and Moderating Mechanisms of Social Cohesion.” Criminology.  Forthcoming.

  • Hipp, John R. and Adam Boessen. (2013). “Egohoods as waves washing across the city: A

new measure of “neighborhoods”. Criminology.  51(2): 287-327.

  • Stokols, Daniel, Raul P. Lejano, and John R. Hipp. (2013). "Enhancing the Resilience of

Human-Environment Systems: A Social Ecological Perspective." Ecology and Society 18:7-18.

  • MacDonald, John M., John R. Hipp, and Charlotte Gill. (2013). “Neighborhood Effects of

    Immigrant Concentration on Changes in Neighborhood Crime Rates.” Journal of Quantitative Criminology.  29(2): 191-215.

  • Hipp, John R. and Adam Boessen. (2012). “Immigrants and social distance:  Examining the
  • social consequences of immigration for Southern California neighborhoods over 50 years.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 641(1): 192-219.

  • Butts, Carter T., Ryan M. Acton, John R. Hipp, and Nicholas N. Nagle. (2011). “Geographical Variability and Network Structure.” Social Networks.  34(1): 82-100.
  • Hipp, John R. (2011). “Segregation through the lens of housing unit transition:  What roles do the prior residents, the local micro-neighborhood, and the broader neighborhood play?” Demography. Forthcoming
  • Hipp, John R., Robert W. Faris, and Adam Boessen. (2011). “Measuring ‘neighborhood’: Constructing network neighborhoods.” Social Networks.  34(1): 128-140.
  • Hipp, John R. and Daniel K. Yates (2011). “Ghettos, thresholds, and crime: Doesconcentrated poverty really have an accelerating increasing effect on crime?” Criminology.  49(4): 955-990.

  • Steenbeek, Wouter and John R. Hipp. 2011. “A Longitudinal Test of Social Disorganization Theory: Feedback Effects between Cohesion, Social Control and Disorder.” Criminology. 49(3): 833-871
  • Hipp, John R. (2011). “Violent crime, mobility decisions, and neighborhood racial/ethnic

    transition.” Social Problems. 58(3): 410-432.

  • Hipp, John R. (2011). “Spreading the Wealth: The Effect of the Distribution of Income and Race/ethnicity across Households and Neighborhoods on City Crime Trajectories.” Criminology. 49(3): 631-665.
  • Hipp, John R. (2010). “Assessing Crime as a Problem:  The Relationship between

    Residents’ Perception of Crime and Official Crime Rates over 25 Years.”  Crime & Delinquency.  Forthcoming.

  • Hipp, John R. and Cynthia M. Lakon. (2010). “Social Disparities in Health: Disproportionate toxicity proximity in minority communities over a decade.” Health & Place.  16(4): 674-683. 
  • Hipp, John R., George E. Tita, and Lyndsay N. Boggess. (2010).  “A new twist on an old approach:  A random-interaction approach for estimating rates of inter-group interaction.” Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 27(1): 27-51.
  • Boggess, Lyndsay N. and John R. Hipp. (2010). “Violent crime, residential instability and mobility: Does the relationship differ in minority neighborhoods?” Journal of Quantitative Criminology. 26(3): 351-370.   
  • Lakon, Cynthia M., John R. Hipp, and David S. Timberlake. (2010). “The Social Context of Adolescent Smoking: A Systems Perspective.” American Journal of Public Health.100(7): 1218-1228.
  • Hipp, John R. (2010). “A dynamic view of neighborhoods: The reciprocal relationship between crime and neighborhood structural characteristics.” Social Problems. 57(2): 205-230.

  • Hipp, John R. (2010). “Micro-structure in Micro-Neighborhoods: A New Social Distance Measure, and its Effect on Individual and Aggregated Perceptions of Crime and Disorder.” Social Networks. 32(2): 148-159.

  • Hipp, John R., Joan Petersilia, and Susan Turner. (2010). “Parolee Recidivism in California: The Effect of Neighborhood Context and Social Service Agency Characteristics.” Criminology. 48(4): 947-979.

  • Hipp, John R., Jesse Jannetta, and Susan Turner. (2010). “Are sex offenders moving into social disorganization? Analyzing the residential mobility of California parolees.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 47(4): 558-590.

  • Hipp, John R. (2010). “What is the “neighborhood” in neighborhood satisfaction?” Urban Studies. 47(12): 2517-2536.

  • Hipp, John R. (2010). “The role of crime in housing unit racial/ethnic transition.” Criminology 48(3): 683-723. 
  • Hipp, John R. (2010). “Resident perceptions of crime: How much is ‘bias’ and how much is micro-neighborhood effect?” Criminology . 48(2): 475-508.

  • Hipp, John R. and Daniel K. Yates. (2009). “Do returning parolees affect neighborhood crime?   A case study of Sacramento .” Criminology. 47(3): 619-656.     

  • Hipp, John R., Jesse Jannetta, Rita Shah, and Susan Turner. (2009). “Parolees’ physical closeness to health service providers: A study of California Parolees.” Health & Place. 15(3): 679-688.

  • Hipp, John R., George E. Tita, Robert T. Greenbaum. (2009).   “Drive-bys and Trade-ups: Examining the Directionality of the Crime and Residential Instability Relationship.”  Social Forces .   87(4): 1777-1812.

  • Hipp, John R., George E. Tita, and Lyndsay N. Boggess. (2009). “Inter- and Intra-group interactions: The case of everyday violent crime as an expression of group conflict or social disorganization.” Criminology.   47(2): 521-564.

  • Hipp, John R. (2009). “Specifying the Determinants of Neighborhood Satisfaction:   A Robust Assessment in 24 Metropolitan Areas over Four Time Points.” Social Forces.   88(1): 395-424.

  • Hipp, John R., Jesse Jannetta, Rita Shah, and Susan Turner. (2008). “Parolees’ Physical Closeness to Social Services:   A Study of California Parolees.” Crime & Delinquency.   Forthcoming.

  • Hipp, John R. and Andrew J. Perrin. (2008). "The Simultaneous Effect of Social Distance and Physical Distance on the Formation of Neighborhood Ties." City & Community. 8(1): 5-25.

  • Hipp, John R. (2007). "Block. Tract, and Levels of Aggregation: Neighborhood Structure and Crime and Disorder as a Case in Point." American Sociological Review. 72(5): 659-680

  • Hipp, John R. (2007). "Income Inequality, Race, and Place: Does the Distribution of Race and Class within Neighborhoods Affect Crime Rates?" Criminology. 45(3): 665-697

  • Hipp, John R. and Andrew J. Perrin (2006). "Nested Loyalties: Local Networks' Effects on Neighborhood and Community Cohesion. Urban Studies. 43(13): 2503-2523

  • Beyerlein, Kraig and John R. Hipp* (2006). "A Two-Stage Model for a Two-Stage Process: How Biographical Availability Matters for Social Movement Mobilization." Mobilization. 11(3): 219-240.

  • Beyerlein, Kraig and John R. Hipp* (2006). "From Pews to Participation: The Effect of Congregation Activity and Context on Bridging Civic Engagement." Social Problems. 53(1): 97-117.

  • Beyerlein, Kraig and John R. Hipp* (2005). "Social Capital, Too Much of a Good Thing? American Religious Traditions and Community Crime." Social Forces. 84(2): 995-1013.

  • Hipp, John R., Daniel J. Bauer, Patrick J. Curran, and Kenneth A. Bollen (2004). "Crimes of Opportunity or Crimes of Emotion: Testing Two Explanations of Seasonal Change in Crime." Social Forces. 82(4): 1333-1372.

  • Manuel Pastor, Jr., Jim Sadd, and John Hipp (2001). "Which Came First? Toxic Facilities, Minority Move-in, and Environmental Justice." Journal of Urban Affairs. 23(1): 1-21.

  • Lakon, Cynthia M., Dionne C. Godette, and John R. Hipp. 2007. "Network-Based Approaches for Measuring Social Capital." in Social Capital and Health, edited by I. Kawachi, S. V. Subramanian, and D. Kim. New York: Springer.

  • Hipp, John R. and Daniel J. Bauer (2006). "Local Solutions in the Estimation of Growth Mixture Models." Psychological Methods. 11(1): 36-53.

  • Hipp, John R. and Kenneth A. Bollen (2003). "Model Fit in Structural Equation Models with Censored, Ordinal, and Dichotomous Variables: Testing Vanishing Tetrads." Sociological Methodology. 33: 267-305.

  • Hipp, John R., Daniel J. Bauer, and Kenneth A. Bollen (2005). "Conducting Tetrad Tests of Model Fit and Contrasts of Tetrad-Nested Models: A New SAS Macro." Structural Equation Modeling. 12(1): 76-93.

  • Guo, Guang and John R. Hipp. (2004). "Analysis of Linear Longitudinal Data." Pp. 347-368 in New Handbook on Data Analysis, edited by M.A. Hardy. London: Sage.

  • * denotes equal author contribution