Chancellor's Professor of Psychology & Social Behavior and Education

Ph.D. University of Michigan
(949) 824-4184
4566 Social and Behavioral Sciences Gateway



cross-cultural psychology, adolescent development, cognitive neuroscience, genes and behavior

Curriculum Vitae: 

Culture, ethnicity, and adolescent development; the role of non-parental adults in adolescent development; brain imaging of language and mathematical learning; evolution, genes, and behavior.

Web Links of Research Sites

Recent and Selected Earlier Publications

For the complete list, please download my CV above.


                                                                                    1. CULTURAL AND CROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCH

  1. Recent publications (since 2014)

Kang, H., Chang, K., Greenberger, E., & Chen, C. (2015). Locus of control and peer relationships among Caucasian, Hispanic, Asian, and African American adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44, 184-194. DOI:10.1007/s10964-013-0083-6

Wu, K., Chen, C., & Greenberger, E. (2014). The sweetness of forbidden fruit: interracial daters are more attractive than intraracial daters. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, doi: 10.1177/0265407514541074.

Liu C., Lai, W., Yu, G., &, Chen, C. (2014). The individual and collective facets of pride in Chinese college students. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 36, 176-189. Doi: 10.1080/01973533.2014.883516

Kang, H., Haddad, E., Chen, C., & Greenberger, E. (2014). Limited English proficiency and socioemotional well-being among Asian and Hispanic children from immigrant families.  Early Education and Development, 25, 915-931. DOI: 10.1080/10409289.2014.883664

Ying, L., Lin, C., Chen, C., Greenberger, E., Wu, X., & Jiang, L. (2014). The relationship between posttraumatic stress symptoms and suicidal ideation among child survivors following the Wenchuan earthquake. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.

Yang, T., Chen, Chuansheng., Zhou, X., Xu, J., Dong, Q., & Chen, Chunhui (2014). Developmental of spatial representation of numbers: A study of the SNARC effect in Chinese children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 117, 1-11.

Ying, L., Lin, C., Wu, X., Chen, C., Greenberger, E., & An, Y. (2014). Trauma severity and control beliefs as predictors of posttraumatic growth among adolescent survivors of the Wenchuan earthquake. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 6, 192-198. doi:10.1037/a0031964

  1. Selected earlier publications

Wei, W., Lu, H., Zhao, H., Chen, C., Dong, Q., & Zhou, X. (2012). Gender differences in children’s arithmetic performance are accounted for by gender differences in language abilities. Psychological Science, 23, 320-330. DOI: 10.1177/0956797611427168

Haddad, E., Chen, C., & Greenberger, E. (2011). The role of important non-parental adults (VIPs) in the lives of older adolescents: A comparison of three ethnic groups. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 40:310–319. DOI: 10.1007/s10964-010-9543-4

Zhu, B., Chen, C., Loftus, E. F., Lin, C., He, Q., Chen, C., Li, H., Xue, G., Lu, Z., & Dong, Q. (2010). Individual differences in false memory from misinformation: Cognitive factors. Memory, 18, 543-555. DOI: 10.1080/09658211.2010.487051

Chung, W., Chen, C., Greenberger, E., & Heckhausen, J. (2009). A cross-ethnic study of adolescents’ depressed mood and the erosion of parental and peer warmth during the transition to young adulthood. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 19, 359-379. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2009.00592.x

Dmitrieva, J. Chen, C., & Greenberger, E. (2008). Whither the “whiz kids” went: Asian American students’ transition to college. In G. Li and L. Wang (Eds.), Model minority myths revisited: An interdisciplinary approach to demystifying Asian American education experiences (pp. 233-251). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Greenberger, E., Lessard, J., Chen, C., & Farruggia, S. P. (2008). Self-entitled college students: Contributions of personality, parenting, and motivation factors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37, 1193-1204. DOI: 10.1007/s10964-008-9284-9

Zhou, X., Chen, Y., Chen, C., Zhang, H., Jiang, T., & Dong, Q. (2007). Chinese kindergarteners’ automatic processing of numerical magnitude in Stroop-like tasks. Memory and Cognition, 35, 464-470. DOI: 10.3758/BF03193286

Chen, C., Himsel, A., Kasof, J., Greenberger, E., & Dmitrieva, J. (2006). Boundless creativity: evidence for the domain-generality of individual differences in creativity. Journal of Creative Behavior, 40, 179-199.

Dmitrieva, J., Chen, C., Greenberger, E., & Gil-Rivas, V. (2004). Family relationships and adolescent psychosocial outcomes: Converging findings from Eastern and Western cultures. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 14, 425-447. DOI: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2004.00081.x

Farruggia, S., Chen, C., Greenberger, E., Dmitrieva, J., & Macek, P. (2004). Adolescent self-esteem in cross-cultural perspective: Testing measurement equivalence and a mediation model. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35, 719-733. DOI: 10.1177/0022022104270114

Chen, C., Greenberger, E., Farruggia, S., Bush, K., & Dong, Q. (2003). The role of non-parental adults in adolescent development in China and the United States. Psychology in the Schools, 40, 35-50. DOI: 10.1002/pits.10068

Chen, C., & Farruggia, S. (2002). Culture and adolescent development. In W. J. Lonner, D. L., Dinnel, S. A. Hayes, & D. N. Sattler (Eds.), On-line readings in Psychology and Culture. Bellingham, WA: Center for Cross-Cultural Research, Western Washington University.

Schwab-Stone, M., Chen, C., Greenberger, E., Silver, D., Lichtman, J., & Voyce, C. (1999).  No safe haven II: The effects of violence exposure on urban youth. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 356-367. DOI: 10.1097/00004583-199904000-00007

Chen, C., Greenberger, E., Lester, J., Dong, Q. & Guo, M. (1998). A cross-cultural study of family and peer correlates of adolescent misconduct. Developmental Psychology, 34, 770-781. DOI: 10.1037/0012-1649.34.4.770

Greenberger, E., Chen, C., &, Beam, M. (1998). The role of “very important” non-parental adults in adolescent development. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 27, 321-343. DOI: 10.1023/A:1022803120166

Greenberger, E., & Chen, C. (1996). Perceived family relationships and depressive mood in early and late adolescence: A comparison of European and Asian Americans. Developmental Psychology, 32, 707-716. DOI: 10.1037/0012-1649.32.4.707

Chen, C., & Stevenson, H. W. (1995). Motivation and mathematics achievement: A comparative study of Asian American, Caucasian American, and East Asian high school students. Child Development, 66, 1215-1234. DOI: 10.2307/1131808

Chen, C., Lee, S., & Stevenson, H. W. (1995). Response style and cross-cultural comparisons of rating scales among East Asian and North American students. Psychological Science, 6, 170-175. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.1995.tb00327.x

Stevenson, H. W., Chen, C., & Lee, S. (1993). Mathematics achievement of Chinese, Japanese, and American children: Ten years later. Science, 259, 53-58. DOI: 10.1126/science.8418494

Stevenson, H. W., Lee, S. Y., Chen, C., Stigler, J. W., Hsu, C. C., & Kitamura, S. (1990). Contexts of achievement: A study of American, Chinese, and Japanese children. Monographs for the Society for Research in Child Development, 55 (Serial No. 221). DOI: 10.2307/1166090

Stevenson, H. W., Chen, C., & Uttal, D. H. (1990). Beliefs and achievement: A study of black, white, and Hispanic elementary school children. Child Development, 61, 508-523. DOI: 10.2307/1131111

Chen, C., & Stevenson, H. W. (1989). Homework: A cross-cultural examination. Child Development, 60, 551-561. DOI: 10.2307/1130721

Chen, C., & Stevenson, H. W. (1988). Cross-linguistic differences in digit span of preschool children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 46, 150-158. DOI: 10.1016/0022-0965(88)90027-6

Chen, C., & Uttal, D. H. (1988). Cultural values, parents' beliefs, and children's achievement in the United States and China. Human Development, 31, 351-358. DOI: 10.1159/000276334


                                                                                                 2. BRAIN IMAGING RESEARCH

  1. Recent publications (since 2014)

Lu, Y., Wang, C., Chen, C., & Xue, G. (in press). Spatiotemporal neural pattern similarity supports episodic memory. Current Biology.

Mei, L., Xue, G., Lu, Z., Chen, C., Wei, M., He, Q., & Dong, Q. (in press).Long-term experience with Chinese language shapes the fusiform asymmetry of English reading. NeuroImage.

Hou, J., Chen, C., & Dong, Q. (in press). Resting-state functional connectivity and pitch identification ability in non-musicians. Frontiers in Neuroscience.

He, Q., Chen, Chuansheng, Dong, Q., Xue, G., Chen, Chunhui, Lu, Z., Bechara, A. (2015). Gray and white matter structures in the midcingulate cortex region contribute to body mass index in Chinese young adults. Brain Structure and Function, 220, 319-329. DOI 10.1007/s00429-013-0657-9

Zhang, M., Chen, Chuansheng, Xue, G., Lu, Z., Mei, L., Xue, H., Wei, M., He, Q., Li, J., & Dong, Q. (2014). Language-general and –specific white matter microstructural bases for reading. NeuroImage. 98, 435-441. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.04.080

Mei, L., Xue, G., Lu, Z., Chen, C., Zhang, M., He, Q., Wei, M., & Dong, Q. (2014). Learning to read words in a new language shapes the neural organization of the prior languages. Neuropsychologia, 65, 156-168.

Mei, L., Xue, G., Lu, Z.-L., He, Q., Zhang, M., Wei, M., Xue, F., Chen, C., & Dong, Q. (2014). Artificial language training reveals the neural substrates underlying addressed and assembled phonologies. PLoS ONE, 9(3): e93548. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093548

Liu, Q., Dong, Chen, C., & Xue, G. (2014). Neural processes during encoding support durable memory. NeuroImage, 88, 1-9

Zhang, M., Li, J., Chen, Chuansheng, Xue, G., Lu, Z., Mei, L., Xue, H., Xue, F., He, Q., Chen, Chunhui, Wei, M., & Dong, Q. (2014). Resting-state functional connectivity and reading abilities in first and second languages. NeuroImage, 84, 546-553.

Lei, X., Chen, Chuansheng, Xue, F., He, Q., Chen, Chunhui, Liu, Q., Moyzis, R. K., Xue, G., Li, J., Li, H., Zhu, B., Cao, Z., Liu, Y., Hsu, A. S., Li, J., & Dong, Q. (2014). Fiber connectivity between the striatum and cortical and subcortical regions is associated with temperaments in Chinese males. NeuroImage, 89, 226-234.

Wei, W., Chen, C., & Zhou, X. (2014). Dissociated neural correlates of quantity processing of quantifiers, numbers, and numerosities. Human Brain Mapping, 35, 444-454. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.22190

  1. Selected earlier publications

He, Q., Xue, G., Chen, Chunhui, Chen, Chuansheng, Lu, Z., & Dong, Q. (2013). Decoding the neuroanatomical basis of reading ability: A multivoxel morphametric study. Journal of Neuroscience, 33, 12835-12843.

Zhang, M., Li, J., Chen, Chuansheng, Mei, L., Xue, G., Lu, Z., Chen, Chunhui, He, Q., Wei, M., & Dong, Q. (2013). The contribution of the left mid-fusiform cortical thickness to Chinese and English reading in a large Chinese sample. NeuroImage, 65, 250-256. Doi:

Xue, G., Dong, Q., Chen, C., Lu, Z., Mumford, J., & Poldrack, R. (2013). Complementary role of frontoparietal activity and cortical pattern similarity in successful episodic memory encoding. Cerebral Cortex, 23, 1562-1571. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhs143

Xue, G., Mei, L., Chen, C., Lu, Z., Poldrack, R. A., & Dong, Q. (2011). Spaced learning enhances subsequent recognition memory by reducing neural repetition suppression. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23. 1624–1633. DOI: 10.1162/jocn.2010.21532

Xue, G., Dong, Q., Chen, C., Lu, Z., Mumford, J. A., & Poldrack, R. A. (2010). Greater neural pattern similarity across repetitions is associated with better memory. Science, 330, 97 - 101. Originally published in Science Express on 9 September 2010. DOI: 10.1126/science.1193125

Mei, L., Xue, G., Chen, C., Xue, F., Zhang, M., & Dong, Q. (2010). The “visual word form area” is involved in successful memory encoding of both words and faces. NeuroImage, 52, 371-378. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.03.067

Lu, C., Chen, C., Ning, N., Ding, G., Guo, T., Peng, D., Yang, Y., Li, K., & Lin, C. (2010). The neural substrates for atypical planning and execution of word production in stuttering. Experimental Neurology, 221, 146-156. DOI:10.1016/j.expneurol.2009.10.016

Chen, Chuansheng, Xue, G., Mei, L., Chen, Chunhui, & Dong, Q. (2009). Cultural neurolinguistics. In J. Chiao (Ed.), Progress in Brain Research, (Vol. 178): Cultural neuroscience: cultural influences on brain function, 159-171. The Netherlands: Elsevier.

Xue, G., Jiang, T., Chen, C., & Dong, Q. (2008). Language experience shapes early electrophysiological responses to visual stimuli: The effects of writing system, stimulus length, and presentation duration. NeuroImage, 39, 2025-2037. DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.10.021

Chen, C., Xue, G., Dong, Q., Jin, Z., Li, T., Xue, F., Zhao, L., & Guo, Y. (2007). Sex determines neurofunctional predictors of visual word learning. Neuropsychologia, 45, 741-747. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2006.08.018

Wang, Y., Xue, G., Chen, C., Xue, F., & Dong, Q. (2007). Neural bases of asymmetric language switching in second-language learners: An ER-fMRI study. NeuroImage, 35, 862-870. DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.09.054

Xue, G., Chen, C., Jin, Z., & Dong, Q. (2006). Language experience shapes fusiform activation when processing an artificial logographic language: An fMRI training study. NeuroImage, 31, 1315-1326. DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.11.055


                                                                                                    3. GENETIC RESEARCH

  1. Recent publications (since 2014)

Chen, Chunhui, Liu, C., Chen, Chuansheng, Moyzis, R.K., Chen, W., & Dong,Q. (in press). Genetic variations in the serotoninergic system and environmental factors contribute to aggressive behavior in Chinese adolescents. Physiology & Behavior.

Chen, Chuansheng, Moyzis, R.K., Lei, X., Chen, Chunhui, & Dong,Q. (in press). The “encultured” genome: Molecular evidence for recent divergent evolution in human neurotransmitter genes. In J. Chiao, Li, S., Seligman, R., & Turner, R. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience. New York: Oxford University Press.

Li, M., Luo, X., Landen, M., Bergen, S., Hultman, C., Li, X., Zhang, W., Yao, Y., Zhang, C., Liu, J., Mattheisen, M., Cichon, S., Muhleisen, T., Degenhardt, F., Nothen, M., Schulze, T., Grigoroiu-Serbanescu, M., Li, H., Fuller, C., Chen, C., Dong, Q., Chen, C., Jamain, S., Leboyer, M., Bellivier, F., Etain, B., Kahn, J-P., Henry C., Preisig, M., Kutalik, Z., Castelao, E., Wright, A., Mitchell, P., Fullerton, J., Schofield, P., Montgomery, G., Medland, S., Gordon, S., Martin, N., Rietschel, M., Liu, C., Kleinman, J., Hyde, T., Weinberger, D., & Su, B. (in press). Impact of a cis-associated gene expression SNP in 20q11.22 on bipolar disorder susceptibility, hippocampal structure and cognitive performance. British Journal of Psychiatry.

Zhang, Z., Chen, X, Yu, P., Zhang, Q., Sun, X., Gu, H., Zhang, H., Zhai, J., Chen, M., Du, B., Deng, X., Ji, F., Wang, C., Xiang, Y., Li, D., Wu, H., Li, J., Dong, Q., & Chen, C. (in press). Evidence for the contribution of NOS1 gene polymorphism (rs3782206) to prefrontal function in schizophrenia patients and healthy controls. Neuropsychopharmacology

Zhu, B., Chen, C., Moyzis, R. K., Dong, Q., & Lin, C. (2015). Educational attainment-related loci identified by GWAS are associated with select personality traits and mathematics and language abilities. Personality and Individual Differences, 72, 96-100.

Li, M., Ohi, K., Chen, Chunhui, He, Q., Liu, J., Chen, Chuansheng, Luo, X., Dong, Q., Hashimoto, R., Su, B. (2014). Failure of replicating the association between hippocampal volume and 3 single-nucleotide polymorphisms identified from the European genome-wide association study in Asian populations. Neurobiology of aging.

Li, J., Camras, L., Tan, T., & Moyzis, R. (2014). MAOA and behavioral adjustment in internationally adopted Chinese girls. Psychiatric Genetics. 24, 211-217. .

Luo, X., Li, M., Huang, L., Steinberg, S., Mattheisen, M., Donohoe, G., Shi, Y., Chen, Chuansheng, Yue, W., Alkelai, A., Lerer, B., Li, Z., Yi, Q., Rietschel, M., Cichon, S., Collier, D. A., Tosato, S., Suvisaari, J., Rujescu, D., Golimbet, V., Silagadze, T., Durmishi, N., Milovancevic, M. P., Stefansson, H., Schulze, T. G., Nöthen, M. M. Chen, Chunhui, Zhang, D., Dong, Q., Moyzis, R. K., Sigurdsson, E., Stefansson, K., Hu, F., MooDS SCZ Consortium, & Gan, L. (2014). Convergent lines of evidence support CAMKK2 as a schizophrenia susceptibility gene. Molecular Psychiatry, 19, 774–783. doi:10.1038/mp.2013.103

Zhu, B., Chen, C., Xue, G., Lei, X., Li, J., Moyzis, R. K., Dong, Q., & Lin, C. (2014). The GABRB1 gene is associated with thalamus volume and modulates the association between thalamus volume and intelligence. NeuroImage, 102, 756-763.

He, Q., Xue, G., Chen, Chunhui, Dong, Qi., & Chen, Chuansheng. (2014). The role of genes in risky decision making. Advances in Psychological Science (in Chinese), 22, 1-14. DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00001.

Zhu, B., Chen, Chuansheng, Xue, G., Moyzis, R. K., Dong, Q., Chen, Chunhui, Li, J., He, Q., Lei, X., Wang, Y., & Lin, C. (2014). The SEMA5A gene is associated with hippocampal volume, and their interaction is associated with performance on Raven's Progressive Matrices. NeuroImage, 88, 181-187.

  1. Selected earlier publications

Wang, Y., Li, J., Chen, Chuansheng, Chen, Chunhui, Zhu, B., Moyzis, R., Lei, X., Li, H., Liu, Q., Xiu, D., Liu, B., Chen, W., Xue, G., & Dong, Q. (2013). COMT rs4680 Met is not always the “smart allele”: Val allele is associated with better working memory and larger hippocampal volume in healthy Chinese. Genes, Brain and Behavior, 12, 323-329. doi: 10.1111/gbb.12022

Chen, Chuansheng, Chen, Chunhui, Moyzis, R., He, Q., Lei, X., Li, J., Zhu, B., Xue, G., & Dong, Q. (2013). Genotypes over-represented among college students are linked to better cognitive abilities and socioemotional adjustment. Culture and Brain, 1, 47-63. DOI 10.1007/s40167-013-0003-3

Grady, D., Thanos, P., Corrada, M., Barnett, J., Ciobanu, V., Shustarovich, D., Napoli, A., Grandy, D., Moyzis, A., Rubinstein, M., Wang, G.-J., Kawas, C., Chen, C., Dong, Q., Wang, E., Volkow, N., & Moyzis, R. (2013). DRD4 genotype predicts longevity in mouse and human. Journal of Neuroscience, 33, 286-291. DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3515-12.2013

Li, J., Chen, Chuansheng, Lei, X., Wang, Y., Chen, Chunhui, He, Q., Moyzis, R.K., Xue, G., Zhu, B. Cao, Z., & Dong, Q. (2013). The NTSR1 gene modulates the association between hippocampal structure and working memory performance. NeuroImage, 75, 79-86.

Zhu, X., Gu, H., Liu, Z., Xu, Z., Chen, X., Sun, X., Zhai, J., Zhang, Q., Chen, M., Wang, K., Deng, X., Ji, F., Liu, C., Li, J., Dong, Q., Chen, C. (2013) Association between TCF4 gene polymorphism and cognitive functions in schizophrenia patients and healthy controls. Neuropsychopharmacology, 38, 683-689. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2012.234

Lei, X., Chen, Chuansheng, He, Q., Moyzis, R., Xue, G., Chen, Chunhui, Cao, Z., Li, Jin, Li, H., Zhu, B., Zhang, M., Li, Jun, & Dong. Q. (2012). Haplotype polymorphism in the alpha-2b-adrenergic receptor gene influences response inhibition in a large Chinese sample. Neuropsychopharmacology, 37, 1115-1121. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2011.266

Lei, X., Chen, Chuansheng, He, Q., Chen, Chunhui, Moyzis, R.K., Xue, G., Chen, X., Cao, Z., Li, Jin, Li, H., Zhu, B., Hsu, A.S.C., Li, S., Li, J., & Dong, Q. (2012). Sex determines which section of the SLC6A4 gene is linked to obsessive-compulsive symptoms in normal Chinese college students. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 46, 1153-1160. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.05.002

Zhu, B., Chen, Chuansheng, Moyzis, R.K., Dong, Q., Chen, Chunhui, He, Q., Li, J., Lei, X., & Lin, C. (2012). Association between the HTR2B gene and the personality trait of fun seeking. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 1029-1033. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.07.026.

Lu, C., Chen, C., Peng, D., You, W., Zhang, X., Ding, G., Deng, X., Yan, Q., & Howell, P. (2012). Neural anomaly and reorganization in speakers who stutter: a short-term intervention study. Neurology, 79(7), 625-632. DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31826356d2

Zhai, J., Cheng, L., Zhang, Q., Shen, Q., Chen, M., Chen, X., Wang, K., Deng, X., Xu, Z., Ji, F., Liu, C., Li, J., Dong, Q., & Chen, C. (2012). S100B gene polymorphisms predict prefrontal spatial function in both schizophrenia patients and healthy individuals. Schizophrenia Research, 134, 89-94. DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2011.09.029

Zhang, Q., Shen, Q., Xu, Z., Chen, M., Cheng, L., Zhai, J., Gu, H., Bao, X., Chen, X., Wang, K., Deng, X., Ji, F., Liu, C., Li, J., Dong, Q., & Chen, C. (2012). The effects of CACNA1C gene polymorphism on spatial working memory in both healthy controls and patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Neuropsychopharmacology, 37, 677-684. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2011.242

Chen, Chunhui, Chen, Chuansheng, Moyzis, R., Dong, Q., He, Q., Zhu, B., Li, Jin, Li, Jun, & Lessard, J. (2011). Sex modulates the associations between the COMT gene and personality traits. Neuropsychopharmacology. 36, 1593–1598. DOI: 10.1038/npp.2011.39

Chen, Chunhui, Chen, Chuansheng, Moyzis, R., Dong, Q., He, Q., Li, H., Li, J., Lessard, J., & Stern, H. (2011). Genetic variations in the dopaminergic system and alcohol use: A system-level analysis Addiction Biology, 17, 479-489. DOI: 10.1111/j.1369-1600.2011.00348.x

Dmitrieva, J., Chen, C., Greenberger, E., Ogunseitan, O., & Ding, Y. (2011). Gender-specific expression of the DRD4 gene on adolescent delinquency, anger and thrill seeking. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6, 82-89. DOI:10.1093/scan/nsq020

Swanson, J., Oosterlaan, J., Murias, M., Schuck, S., Flodman, P., Spence, A., Wasdell, M., Ding, Y., Chi, H-C., Smith, M., Mann, M., Carlson, C., Kennedy, M. J., Sergeant, J., Leung, P., Zhang, Y-P., Sadeh, A., Chen, C., Whalen, C. K., Babb, K. A., Moyzis, R., & Posner, M. (2000). ADHD children with a 7-repeat allele of the DRD4 gene have extreme behavior but normal performance on critical neuropsychological tests of attention. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 97, 4754-4759. DOI:10.1073/pnas.080070897

Chen, C., Burton, M. L., Greenberger, E., & Dmitrieva, J. (1999). Population migration and the variation of dopamine D4 (DRD4) allele frequencies around the globe. Evolution and Human Behavior, 20, 309-324. DOI: 10.1016/S1090-5138(99)00015-X

Last updated: Thursday, July 14, 2016 - 8:46am